New soil compactor launches from key manufacturers

Major manufacturers continue to develop new soil compactor models - Mike Woof reports. Innovations in machine design are being seen in the soil compaction sector from a number of major firms. As in other equipment sectors, new engine emissions legislation has played a huge role in driving the latest design changes. Europe, the US and Japan are rolling in the new Tier 4 Final/Stage IV legislation on noise and exhaust emissions which will be phased in across power output classes from the start of January 2014
Earthmoving & Earth Compaction / May 30, 2013
Dynapac soil compactor
Dynapac says that its fifth generation soil compactors offer lower running costs than earlier units

Major manufacturers continue to develop new soil compactor models - Mike Woof reports

Innovations in machine design are being seen in the soil compaction sector from a number of major firms. As in other equipment sectors, new engine emissions legislation has played a huge role in driving the latest design changes. Europe, the US and Japan are rolling in the new Tier 4 Final/Stage IV legislation on noise and exhaust emissions which will be phased in across power output classes from the start of January 2014. Manufacturers of soil compactors have already designed models that are capable of housing these new cleaner engines and the bulky after-treatment systems.

The design process has not been straightforward due to the need for extra cooling to prevent the new engines, which run hotter, from overheating. The additional fan noise has required some clever solutions in terms of sound attenuation. At the same time, leaving space for the bulky exhaust after-treatment equipment that will be needed has resulted in firms reconfiguring the position of major components such as the engine, so as not to spoil visibility from the cab for the operator.

From Boppard-based 172 Bomag comes a new line-up of 5-8tonne class soil compactors, which are said to offer increased performance and lower running costs. Compact, manoeuvrable and economical the BW145 and BW177 machines are said to be highly productive and suited to use on small-medium size projects. High performance is claimed for compaction, gradeability and efficiency and Judith Rheingans of the firm said, “The operator platform has been redesigned to give better visibility and access. The operator can see the drum better.”

A key point is the upgrade to the vibration system, which is said to reduce the risk of drum bounce. In addition, the machines have a sophisticated automatic amplitude control, BOMAG VARIOCONTROL, which is said to makes the compactors more suited to compaction duties in sensitive areas. The range is equipped with Tier 4 Interim/Stage IIIB compliant engines at the moment and as the tougher emissions regulations are phased in, the machines will be able to accept the Tier 4 Final/Stage IV compliant engines with no external changes. Engine firms have done a good deal to reduce fuel consumption in a bid to offset the increased cost of these low emission diesels. The Tier 4 Interim/Stage IIIB engines in the new BOMAG units are said to deliver improved fuel economy offering savings of up to 30%, with help from an integrated ECOMODE function that allows the machine to match engine speed to work load intensity. An engine stop function switches off the engine after a preset idle period, further reducing fuel consumption.
Another improvement for overall machine efficiency comes from the new dual circuit drive system, which features twin pumps for the front and rear axles that improves traction. The better torque response and revised hydraulics mean that the new BOMAG single drum rollers can tackle up to 56% gradients, whether working forwards or backwards.

Ergonomics in the cab have been improved also, along with better visibility. The sophisticated BOMAG VARIOCONTROL is said to make the machines easier to operate and also helps optimise compaction performance. Another improvement includes easier transport as the rollers are just 2.65m high and are equipped with tie-down rings so that they can be secured when carried on a truck or trailer. A dozer blade with manual control is offered, which is said to be more precise than the earlier foot-controlled blade. And maintenance is said to be easy with grouped service points that are accessible from ground level.

The 161 Atlas Copco Road Construction Equipment Division has been making similar moves with its fifth generation single drum rollers. Herman Matthyssen, vice president Marketing West explained that the company has paid close attention to customer feedback while developing this range. He said, “Up-time, ergonomics, reliability and serviceability are key success factors nowadays. “

The company claims that customer response to the larger models in the fifth generation soil compactor range has been good. And the company hopes to receive a similar positive response for the 206 Dynapac CA1300, CA1500 and CA2000, which compete in the 13tonne, 15tonne and 20tonne classes. There is an array of variants available such as conventional smooth drums and padfoot types, as well as blades and other options.

A key feature is the transverse mounting of the diesels, which allows space for the after-treatment package as well as the new cooling system under the engine cover. Low fuel consumption is claimed, which should help lower running costs, along with the extended service intervals. The transverse engine mounting is also said to make maintenance access easier.

Productivity has also been optimised due to refinements to the firm’s novel Active Bouncing Control. This feature eliminates the risk of over-compaction and ensures a more consistent finish quality, as well as preventing wear and tear on the machine’s structure. At 688 Bauma, these new Dynapac soil compactors were seen for the first time in the Atlas Copco colour scheme of grey and yellow, instead of the Dynapac red and yellow. This is part of a move by Atlas Copco Road Construction Equipment to use the same visual branding as the other divisions in the firm’s Construction Technique business area. The Atlas Copco logo will be visible on the compactors, together with the Dynapac name. The same colour scheme is already used for construction tools, portable compressors and generators.

Also from Germany, 228 Hamm continues to develop its sophisticated soil compactor range with the addition of models aimed at the 11-16tonne weight classes. These are powered by Tier 4 Interim/Stage IIIB compliant diesels and share the same design concept as well as features and many components with the existing 15-18tonne rollers. The high compaction performance and unobstructed sight lines from the cab of the larger machines have also been carried over into the smaller units. This has been achieved through the same novel positioning of engine, cooling and after-treatment within the rear chassis. As with the large soil compactors in the H series, all service points and batteries are located on one side of the engine compartment while the innovative air filter is said to be simple to clean and replace.
The H11i, H13i and H16i compactors have 2.14m wide drums, compete in the 11tonne, 13tonne, and 16tonne classes respectively and are all powered by four-cylinder 201 Deutz diesels rated at 105kW. These diesels are said to feature sufficient cooling allowing operation in ambient temperatures as high as 50°C. Given that Hamm has supplied its earlier generation compactors for use in construction in some of the world’s most ferocious desert temperatures such as in the Sahara Desert, this cooling will certainly be needed for some applications. The sophisticated combustion technology used in the engines includes an after-treatment system with DPF filter to reduce particulate matter.

Meanwhile high manoeuvrability is claimed as well as good stability on uneven or sloping terrain, and the machines are available with smooth drum, with padfoot segments or with padfoot drum. The 13tonne machine is also available with a VIO drum, capable of compacting with either conventional vibration, or the firm’s novel oscillation system. The latter is said to be particularly useful for compaction applications in sensitive areas where vibration cannot be transmitted through the ground.

Standard equipment on the new models includes the Hammtronic machine management system, which optimises traction and vibration drive while reducing fuel consumption. A new feature is the optional telematics interface, which can transfer data for fleet management purposes and can also be used for remote diagnostics or as an anti-theft protection. Customers can also opt for the HCQ Navigator, which is available as a factory-fitted option. This system enables precise, even compaction as well as comprehensive compaction control. An additional function of the HCQ package allows data to be exported as it is compatible with American analysis software.

The new series comes as standard with a secure storage space under the engine cover for a toolbox or other equipment. Reversing cameras are available as an optional safety feature, while a display allows the driver to check for obstructions behind the roller and the cameras can be fitted to all H series compactors as well as being retrofitted to existing Hamm machines. Another safety feature for night working is optional low-energy, long-lasting LED lighting for the cab as well as a main headlight with low beam and additional full beam.

Chinese soil compactors

Chinese firms are building a share of the market for soil compactors in a number of emergent territories such as the Middle East, Latin America and Africa. 1170 Sany, 1171 Shantui and 2490 XCMG have recently introduced new machines and are looking to gain export sales with these models. Sany Road Machinery says it is looking to increase exports of its soil compactors, having had sales success with exports in certain key territories, most particularly Latin America, Africa and South Asia. Indonesia has been a particularly strong market for the company and Sany Road Machinery wants to capitalise on the strong demand for equipment in the country as Indonesia pushes ahead with its major programme of expansion for its tolled highway network. Another key focus is in developing its distribution channels in central China, where it sees considerable potential. It is already well established with its distribution channels in South, West and Eastern China but is keen to replicate this model in the centre of the country. The company has a recently upgraded line of road construction machines, with its SSR360 soil compactor. The SSR360 soil compactor is of particular note as this 36.5tonne machine can deliver 681kN.

Shantui continues to extend and develop its soil roller range with its latest SR10/SR10P and SR12-5/SR12P-5 models. Weighing in at 10.1tonnes depending on specification, the SR10 features a smooth drum while the 10.9tonne SR10P has a padfoot drum. Power comes from a 2731 Weichai diesel rated at 82kW and driving through a 2254 Dana system. Dual frequencies of 30Hz and 36Hz, maximum centrifugal forces of 270kN and gradeability of 48% are offered for both variants. The SR12-5 smooth drum roller weighs in at 12tonnes while the padfoot SR12-5 variant tips the scales at 13.1tonnes, with power for both from a Weichai Deutz diesel rated at 105kW and a Dana driveline also used allowing a gradeability of 48%. Drum width is 2.14m and the machines have dual frequencies of 30Hz and 33Hz as well as maximum centrifugal force of 270kN.

XCMG has developed a powerful, heavyweight soil compactor in the shape of its XS302. This 30tonne machine offers an excitation force of 510kN. According to the firm, the machine offers class leading reliability and durability for minimum downtime on-site, as well as an ergonomic cab design with good all-round visibility. A large LED screen in the cab provides comprehensive information about operating parameters and also provides diagnostics data. Performance is maximised due to the use of an anti-skid system that prevents loss of traction when the machine operates on slippery surfaces. The drum delivers high vibration effect due to its powerful exciter system and the machine is said to be suited to use on large scale projects such as airport runway construction due to its large size and productivity.

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